How to Space Furniture in Your Room

This How to Space Furniture in Your Room post was updated in July 2023.

Spacing Furniture in Living RoomHave you ever been in a room that feels calm and happy? That might have just as much, if not more, to do with the spacing and placement of the furniture than the furniture itself. Having just the right amount of space between the things in your room contributes to the overall comfort and flow.

Finding that ideal placement with your existing furniture and rugs is easy to achieve. Just follow our basic spacing guidelines below.

Living Room Furniture Spacing Guidelines

Line drawing of how to space furniture with coffee table from sofa

Distance between sofa and coffee table: 14-18 inches

You want the space to be close enough to reach for the remote or set down your drink, but far enough away to allow a little leg room. Follow the same rule for other seating in the room if you want to be able to reach the coffee table.

Line drawing shows distance from seating to television

Distance between seating and TV: 1.5 times the measurement of the screen

If you have a large living space, this won’t be an issue for you. However, if your living room is on the cozier side of things, then you want to make sure you leave enough space for a comfortable passageway in the room without feeling like you’re walking through a cramped movie theater.

Here’s the standard rule of thumb: keep a distance between the TV and seating that is 1.5 times the diagonal measurement of the screen.

Living Room Furniture SpacingDistance between seating: at least 30-36″

The ideal seating arrangement encourages intimate conversation while offering enough walking space (and personal space, too) between those seated. The maximum amount of space you want to leave between seating is about 8 to 10 feet.

Side Table Furniture SpacingDistance between chairs and side tables: Close enough to set down a drink

There’s no hard and fast rule for side tables, because they’re generally smaller and sit much closer to seating than a coffee table. Just be sure any side table is close enough to set down your cup of coffee or a magazine.

Distance between area rugs and the wall: 12 – 24 inches

If you’ve got a room-sized area rug, leave at least two feet of bare floor around it in a large room and at least 12 inches in a smaller room, so it doesn’t look like you ran out of carpet.

For a smaller area rug, make sure it’s large enough to allow at least the front two legs of your furniture to rest on it, but not so large that there’s more than two feet of empty rug beyond the furniture. (If that does happen, you can fill the empty space with a table.)


Dining Room Furniture Spacing Guidelines

Line drawing showing furniture and dining table

Distance between dining table and furniture: 36 inches

Ideally, you want to leave enough space between the table and a piece of furniture, such as a buffet or bar cart, to allow enough room for guests to walk behind chairs while others are seated or to open a drawer or cabinet when you need to get an item out.

Dining Room Furniture SpacingDistance between edge of dining table and edge of rug: 24 inches

There’s nothing worse than chair legs catching on the edge of the rug. This is the minimum amount of space that will accommodate chairs to sit on the rug even when pulled away from the table. An easy way to ensure you get the right size rug is to measure your dining room table and add at least 24 inches on each side.

Line drawings between dining chairs in dining room

Distance between dining room chairs: 24 inches

“Rubbing elbows” is just an expression — not something you actually want to do with your dinner companion. Stick to this general guideline to help create space for every person dining at your table as well as prevent collisions when they’re getting in and out of their chairs.


Bedroom Furniture Spacing Guidelines

Bedroom Furniture SpacingDistance between bed and bedside table: 3 inches

Leaving just a little space between these two pieces prevents the furniture from looking crowded, yet keeps your bedside table within easy reaching distance of your lamp, alarm clock and tissue box.  

Distance between edge of bed and edge of rug: 12-18 inches

Wake up to warmth underfoot with a rug under your bed, but make sure it’s proportional to the size of your bed. It should extend out at least 12 inches for a full- or twin-sized bed and 18 inches for a king- or queen-sized bed. Or, if you’d prefer to flank your bed with a pair of rugs, make sure it covers 75 percent of the space from the end of the bedside table to the foot of the bed (a pair of runners would do the trick).

Distance between a bed and the wall or dresser: 24″ inches

A bed needs at least two feet of walking space around it to accommodate room to make up your bed (unless you need a good excuse not to) and for opening and closing the drawers of your dresser or doors of a closet. If you have a bench at the foot of your bed, measure 24 inches from the edge of the bench.

Bedroom Furniture SpacingBrowse our full assortment of furniture and find more inspiration from these helpful posts below:

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Caroline McDonald

Caroline lives for pairing together patterns, mixing furniture styles, and oogling over our newest furniture pieces. As you can imagine, her little 1920's craftsman is in a constant state of flux. Here on How to Decorate, it's her goal to help you turn your home into your own little slice of paradise.


  1. Reply

    Firoz Mohammad

    March 18, 2023

    I always struggle with how to arrange my furniture in my small living room, so this article was a lifesaver! The tips about creating zones and using multipurpose furniture really resonated with me. Thank you!”

  2. Reply

    Elle Jones

    February 7, 2023

    When you mentioned how having the ideal amount of space between objects in your room helps with general comfort and flow, I thought it was intriguing. Later this year, my husband and I will be relocating to a larger house, and we want to purchase a wooden TV cabinet to serve as the room’s center point. I’m delighted I read your essay so we can put our other furniture in a fashionable yet functional arrangement around the cabinet!

    • Reply

      Kelley Bostian

      March 7, 2023

      So happy to hear our furniture spacing guide helped you and your husband design the layout of your new home’s living room! We’d love to see a pic of the final layout if you have it.
      Happy Decorating,

  3. Reply

    Sam Andrews

    January 26, 2023

    Hey there! Great news: I just got promoted (!) and it comes with a large increase in my monthly salary. So, I plan to get some new furniture for my living room. I just love it when you informed us that the configuration of our furniture should be laid out properly so we can utilize every single available space. Alright, I’ll try to keep this trick in mind when making some purchases very soon.

    • Reply

      Kelley Bostian

      January 31, 2024

      Hey Sam,

      First off: congrats on the promotion! It’s always very exciting to approach decorating with a bigger budget.

      Happy to hear you found this particular blog post helpful in your planning—be sure to let us know if you ever have any questions or concerns and we’d be happy to help.

      Also, if you haven’t looked into it already, we highly recommend scheduling a FREE one-on-one design consultation with our Design Services team: they can help you bring any and every design vision to life!

      Happy Decorating,

  4. Reply


    November 17, 2022

    Great article! I will apply this in our new home. Thank you for these recommendations.

    • Reply

      Kelley Bostian

      December 27, 2022

      Thank you for the kind words! We love helping everyone find their inner decorator with helpful posts like this. Glad you found it insightful.
      Happy Decorating,

  5. Reply

    Kim Froehlich

    October 2, 2020

    I love this website so much! I just bought a new house and want to maximize seating for our family of 6, but I don’t want to overcrowd the room. I found a couch I love, which is 155″ x 124″ in an L shape with the 155 going across the back of the room, which is 20.5 feet across. This leaves 91″ which is only 7.6 feet across to then place another 2 chairs for conversation along the other wall, plus allow for walking. It’s a great room, so the back of the 155″ side is the transition to the kitchen.
    I know it’s a little hard to picture, but would you think the 155″ is an acceptable size, or will it be too large for that space, with wanting another chair on the side?
    Thanks for your help!

    • Reply

      Caroline McDonald

      October 9, 2020

      Hi Kim,
      Thank you for your question. Test it out using our Room Planner tool where you can really test out the sizing. Typically you want at least 24″ to walk around the chair.
      Good luck!

  6. Reply


    September 15, 2020

    Thanks for putting all these pointers in one place. Very useful! Please note, however, that each dining space should be 24 inches, as opposed to having 24 inches between spaces.

    • Reply

      Caroline McDonald

      October 9, 2020

      Thanks, Gwen. We’ll make that correction!

  7. Reply


    January 20, 2020

    What a great treasure trove of straight-to-the point recommendations! So glad I found your site. You’re the best!

  8. Reply

    Leighton Clark

    January 11, 2020

    Are there any rules or guidelines regarding the size/dimensions of a sofa relative to the size/dimensions of the buyer?

  9. Reply


    December 30, 2019

    Thanks Patricia, Needed info on how to choose lampshades for my lamps. Thank you so very much for walking me through the process. Look forward to learning the rule of thumb on other issues. Thanks again!

  10. Reply

    Thomas A Jackson

    November 24, 2019

    It would be great if she can list where one could find some of the furniture in the pictures.

    • Reply

      Abbey Nolte

      November 25, 2019

      Hi Thomas,
      All of the furniture can be found on our site.

  11. Reply


    February 15, 2019

    I love Patricia Palermo’s posts! She gives such practical advice for me to apply in my own home. Thank you Patricia! You never disappoint.